Starting a career in Environmental Law in India?


Starting a career in environmental law in India can be a rewarding and impactful choice, considering the increasing focus on environmental conservation and sustainability.

Environmental law is a complex and evolving field that encompasses various regulations, statutes, international treaties, and conventions aimed at protecting the environment. It involves legal practices that address issues related to air and water quality, waste management, species protection, forest conservation, and climate change.

Scope and Avenue of Environmental Law in India

The scope of environmental law in India is vast and covers various aspects of environmental protection and conservation. Environmental law regulates the human impact on the environment, which includes pollution control, conservation of biodiversity and natural resources, and sustainable development. The scope of environmental law includes various sectors such as energy, transportation, agriculture, industry, and construction. Environmental law in India provides a legal framework for the management and protection of the environment. It covers issues such as air and water pollution, hazardous waste management, climate change, biodiversity, and forest conservation. The legal framework for environmental protection in India includes various laws and regulations at the central and state levels.

The avenues for environmental law in India are diverse and offer a range of career opportunities for law students and professionals. One can work in law firms specializing in environmental law, in-house legal departments of companies, environmental organizations, and government agencies. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) is a specialized court that deals with environmental disputes and offers an avenue for practicing environmental law.


Environmental law practice requires specialized knowledge and skills, including knowledge of environmental science and policy-making. Lawyers working in this field must be well-versed in the various environmental laws and regulations and can work with scientific data and expert witnesses. The scope and avenues of environmental law in India are extensive and offer opportunities for legal professionals to work toward environmental protection and conservation. The legal framework for environmental protection in India is robust, and there is a growing need for specialized environmental lawyers to address the environmental challenges faced by the country


Career in Environmental Law in India

As an environmental lawyer, you may work with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), government agencies, or private firms to advocate for environmental protection and sustainable practices

Educational Qualifications

Bachelor’s Degree in Law (LLB): The first step is to obtain a Bachelor’s degree in Law from a recognized university. In India, this typically involves a five-year integrated BA LLB program after the 12th standard or a three-year LLB program after graduation in any discipline.

Specialization in Environmental Law: While pursuing your law degree, you can choose to specialize in environmental law. Some universities offer specific courses or electives in environmental law. This specialization will provide you with a deeper understanding of environmental policies, laws, and regulations

Higher Education and Certifications

After completing your LLB, you may consider pursuing higher education, such as a Master of Laws (LLM) with a focus on environmental law. Additionally, there are various certifications and short-term courses available that can provide you with specialized knowledge and skills in this field.

Bar Council Examination

To practice law in India, you must pass the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the Bar Council of India. This will grant you the license to practice as an advocate in Indian courts.

Gain Practical Experience

  • Internships: Look for internships with law firms, environmental organizations, government agencies, or NGOs that work in environmental law. This hands-on experience will enhance your understanding of practical aspects.
  • Participate in moot court competitions: Moot court competitions related to environmental law can provide valuable experience and help you develop advocacy skills.

Skills Required

To succeed in environmental law, you should have:

  • A strong understanding of environmental laws and regulations.
  • Excellent research and analytical skills.
  • The ability to present complex information clearly and persuasively.
  • A passion for environmental conservation and sustainable development.


Explore Career Opportunities

  • Government jobs: Consider opportunities in government agencies dealing with environmental issues, such as the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, or state pollution control boards.
  • Private law firms: Many law firms have dedicated environmental law practices. Explore opportunities to work on cases related to environmental regulations and compliance.
  • NGOs and advocacy groups: Join non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and advocacy groups focused on environmental issues. These organizations often engage in legal advocacy and policy work.
  • In-house counsel: Some corporations hire in-house counsel with expertise in environmental law to ensure compliance with environmental regulations.

International Scope of Environmental Law

Environmental law has a significant international scope as environmental problems transcend national boundaries, and the actions of one nation can affect the environment of other nations. International environmental law is a body of law that governs the conduct of nations and international organizations to the environment. Several international agreements and treaties address environmental issues such as climate change, biodiversity conservation, and marine pollution. Examples of such treaties include the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

International environmental law also includes the principles of customary international law, such as the precautionary principle, the polluter pays principle, and the principle of sustainable development. These principles guide nations and international organizations on how to protect the environment and use natural resources sustainably. International environmental law also involves collaboration and cooperation between nations and international organizations. The development of international environmental law involves negotiations and consultations among countries, civil society, and international organizations to develop and implement effective solutions to global environmental problems.

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